IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Author Title
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Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Evolution of ICTs in Peru and Key Factors for its Development under the Korean Model
Author_ Christian R. Bueno
Pages 1-18
Abstract_ ICTs are playing a vital role in the effort to alleviate poverty and promote local development. ICTs provide access to information that can create opportunities to generate income, improve access to basic services, or increase the impact of interventions in education and health. South Korea is a global leader in ICTs. Literature review explains that in the case of this Asian country, short and long term strategies were established with concrete objectives. Political will and leadership, suitable resource distribution, and timely feedback were also key factors in Korea’s success. The review of those elements applied in a Peruvian context show us the feasibility to improve the current situation in the country. The author provides a first look of opportunities, problems, and ways to overcome those challenges, opening discussions for further research.
Keywords_ ICTs, local development, success (impact) factor, e-Government, digital gap, information society, connectivity, Peru
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Governance, Local Governments and the Constituency Development Catalyst Fund in Tanzania
Author_ Ernest T. Mallya and Flora Lucas Kessy
Pages 19-54
Abstract_ Constituency Development Funds (CDFs) are decentralization initiatives which send funds from the central government to each constituency for expenditure on development projects intended to address particular local needs. A key feature of CDF schemes is that members of Parliament typically exert control over how funds are spent. This paper provides an overview of CDFs and whether they have made any difference in the management of public resources and in governance in Tanzania. It highlights the controversies the CDFs have raised including the questions raised by civil society organizations about the legitimacy of the legislative arm doing work meant for the executive. The findings show that the CDFs are yet to make an impact, are little known to the people whom they are meant to benefit, and have not adequately addressed the aspects of transparency and participation.
Keywords_ Governance, Constituency Development Catalyst Fund, Tanzania Social Action Fund
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Evidence of Environmental Degradation Due to Agricultural Expansion in The Northern and Southern Highland Agricultural Zones of Tanzania
Author_ John Banga Nakei and Kang Joon Wun
Pages 55-94
Abstract_ This paper critically analyzes the factors contributing to environmental degradation as well as determines which factors are created by the expanding agricultural activities in the southern and northern highlands of Tanzania. The paper emphasizes that land degradation, agrochemical wastes, and increased farming land size have been described to increase the pressure of environmental degradation whereby the increase of agricultural activities stands as the driving force. It is hoped that from this paper, Tanzania can become aware of these causes and seek ways to ward off further environmental degradation in the future and maintain sustainable agriculture growth. As most of the causes of environmental degradation are preventable, Tanzania should establish both short and long term plans to manage agricultural activities in a more eco-friendly way to promote sustainable development and economic growth. The recommendations given here are among the policy issues to be considered by all stakeholders in addressing measures to minimize the impact of agriculture to the natural environment to achieve sustainable agriculture development and to meet MDG goal 7 by 2015.
Keywords_ Environmental Degradation, Agricultural Activities, Environmental Sustainability, Land Resources.
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
A Study on the Factors Influencing Girls’ Transition to Secondary School in Guatemala
Author_ Kristel Andrea Camposeco Castro and Ki Nam Jin
Pages 95-118
Abstract_ The transition from primary to secondary school is as one of the most important moments in a student’s career, where girls who are most vulnerable of dropping out. Nevertheless, this moment has not been highlighted because primary level enrollment has been prioritized. This study analyzed the factors that influence girls’ transition to secondary school as well as location inequalities, as girls in rural settings proved to be more vulnerable. Guatemala’s municipalities were the central unit of analysis, divided among rural and urban predominance to evaluate the factors that account for the achievement gap. Standard descriptive statistics, t-tests and finally hierarchical regression were performed to analyze the considered factors in explaining girls´ transition to secondary school. The factors considered within the conducted model explain 52 percent of the predicting power of the variance of girls’ transition to secondary school. More importantly, statistical evidenced proved that: poverty, female literacy rate and the Educational Advancement Index per municipality, are the most decisive predictors of this educational transition.
Keywords_ adolescent girls, transition, secondary school, rural, urban, municipality.
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Improving Healthcare Utilization for Low Income Rural Households: Impact Of Social Insurance Policy
Author_ Osei-Wusu Adjei, David Forkuor and Foster Frempong
Pages 119-140
Abstract_ This paper underscores the need for all-inclusive social insurance policy for health promotion amongst vulnerable households. It presents experiences from Ghana by analyzing how the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), introduced in 2003 to correct inequities and discrimination in organized healthcare utilization, is making an impact among low income and vulnerable rural households using the specific case of Kintampo Municipality in the middle belt of Ghana where poverty remains high. A sample of 180 households was drawn from NHIS registered households in the study district for data collection using structured interviews, questionnaires and focus group discussions. Data was analyzed around three key parameters: regularity of utilization of healthcare services in times of need, households’ expenditure on healthcare, and health condition of respondents’ households before and after subscription to the NHIS. The paper concludes that holistic social insurance policy should combat affordability, accessibility, and acceptability challenges to healthcare for poor and vulnerable households.
Keywords_ Income Poverty, Rural Households, healthcare utilization, NHIS, Ghana
 
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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