IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Total 71
 
Volume 5 Number 1 June 2014
The Limits of Legal Intervention in Customary Practices: Understanding the Unpopularity of Ghana’s PNDC Law 111 on Intestate Succession among the Anlo and Asante
Author_ Victor Selorme GEDZI
Pages 99-125
Abstract_ This study analyzes the level of popularity among the Anlo and the Asante in Ghana of PNDC Law 111 on intestate inheritance. Reasons for the promulgation of Law 111 include the removal of laws that discriminate against women and children, determination of intestacy and substitution for legal practices on inheritance after death, and provision of a uniform intestate inheritance law that is nationally applicable. The research uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The research finds that a lack of education, awareness of the law, rights-consciousness, financial resources and enforcement of the law provides only a partial explanation of the unpopularity of PNDC Law 111. More important is that certain contextual realities confronting the Anlo and the Asante were not adequately considered when the law was being drafted. This makes the law appear to some as an imposition. As a result, many remain unwilling to give up cultural institutions of intestate inheritance that appear to benefit them. Thus, it appears ineffective to use legislation alone to change such cultural practices. These findings are significant as they highlight the relatively low levels of popularity and observance of Law 111 among the research population, and the challenges facing the law moving forward. This greater appreciation of these difficulties allows the study to suggest effective interventions.
Keywords_ Customary Law, Women’s Rights, Legal Pluralism, Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty, Africa, Widows, Inheritance.
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Evolution of ICTs in Peru and Key Factors for its Development under the Korean Model
Author_ Christian R. Bueno
Pages 1-18
Abstract_ ICTs are playing a vital role in the effort to alleviate poverty and promote local development. ICTs provide access to information that can create opportunities to generate income, improve access to basic services, or increase the impact of interventions in education and health. South Korea is a global leader in ICTs. Literature review explains that in the case of this Asian country, short and long term strategies were established with concrete objectives. Political will and leadership, suitable resource distribution, and timely feedback were also key factors in Korea’s success. The review of those elements applied in a Peruvian context show us the feasibility to improve the current situation in the country. The author provides a first look of opportunities, problems, and ways to overcome those challenges, opening discussions for further research.
Keywords_ ICTs, local development, success (impact) factor, e-Government, digital gap, information society, connectivity, Peru
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Governance, Local Governments and the Constituency Development Catalyst Fund in Tanzania
Author_ Ernest T. Mallya and Flora Lucas Kessy
Pages 19-54
Abstract_ Constituency Development Funds (CDFs) are decentralization initiatives which send funds from the central government to each constituency for expenditure on development projects intended to address particular local needs. A key feature of CDF schemes is that members of Parliament typically exert control over how funds are spent. This paper provides an overview of CDFs and whether they have made any difference in the management of public resources and in governance in Tanzania. It highlights the controversies the CDFs have raised including the questions raised by civil society organizations about the legitimacy of the legislative arm doing work meant for the executive. The findings show that the CDFs are yet to make an impact, are little known to the people whom they are meant to benefit, and have not adequately addressed the aspects of transparency and participation.
Keywords_ Governance, Constituency Development Catalyst Fund, Tanzania Social Action Fund
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
Evidence of Environmental Degradation Due to Agricultural Expansion in The Northern and Southern Highland Agricultural Zones of Tanzania
Author_ John Banga Nakei and Kang Joon Wun
Pages 55-94
Abstract_ This paper critically analyzes the factors contributing to environmental degradation as well as determines which factors are created by the expanding agricultural activities in the southern and northern highlands of Tanzania. The paper emphasizes that land degradation, agrochemical wastes, and increased farming land size have been described to increase the pressure of environmental degradation whereby the increase of agricultural activities stands as the driving force. It is hoped that from this paper, Tanzania can become aware of these causes and seek ways to ward off further environmental degradation in the future and maintain sustainable agriculture growth. As most of the causes of environmental degradation are preventable, Tanzania should establish both short and long term plans to manage agricultural activities in a more eco-friendly way to promote sustainable development and economic growth. The recommendations given here are among the policy issues to be considered by all stakeholders in addressing measures to minimize the impact of agriculture to the natural environment to achieve sustainable agriculture development and to meet MDG goal 7 by 2015.
Keywords_ Environmental Degradation, Agricultural Activities, Environmental Sustainability, Land Resources.
 
Volume 4 Number 2 December 2013
A Study on the Factors Influencing Girls’ Transition to Secondary School in Guatemala
Author_ Kristel Andrea Camposeco Castro and Ki Nam Jin
Pages 95-118
Abstract_ The transition from primary to secondary school is as one of the most important moments in a student’s career, where girls who are most vulnerable of dropping out. Nevertheless, this moment has not been highlighted because primary level enrollment has been prioritized. This study analyzed the factors that influence girls’ transition to secondary school as well as location inequalities, as girls in rural settings proved to be more vulnerable. Guatemala’s municipalities were the central unit of analysis, divided among rural and urban predominance to evaluate the factors that account for the achievement gap. Standard descriptive statistics, t-tests and finally hierarchical regression were performed to analyze the considered factors in explaining girls´ transition to secondary school. The factors considered within the conducted model explain 52 percent of the predicting power of the variance of girls’ transition to secondary school. More importantly, statistical evidenced proved that: poverty, female literacy rate and the Educational Advancement Index per municipality, are the most decisive predictors of this educational transition.
Keywords_ adolescent girls, transition, secondary school, rural, urban, municipality.
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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