IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Volume 7 Number 2 December 2016
Assessing Wellbeing and Deprivation in Later Life in Brazil and South Africa
Author_ Armando BARRIENTOS & Cassilda LASSO DE LA VEGA
Pages 1-36
Abstract_ The paper develops and applies a multidimensional counting approach to rank order wellbeing and deprivation distributions among a panel of older people in Brazil and South Africa. Using data collected in 2002 and 2008 among low-income households in urban and rural locations in Brazil and South Africa, the analysis in the paper throws light upon (i) changes in multidimensional deprivation associated with individual ageing and (ii) the effects of differential access to pension provision on wellbeing and deprivation. The paper finds that individual ageing is not necessarily associated with a decline in multidimensional wellbeing. The findings also lend support to the view that social policy, and especially inclusive pension provision, has an important role in addressing the effects of rapid population ageing in developing countries.
Keywords_ Multidimensional deprivation, Pensions, South Africa, Brazil
 
Volume 7 Number 2 December 2016
An Assessment of International Order: Liberal Major Powers and Fragile and Failing States
Author_ John VAN BENTHUYSEN
Pages 37-67
Abstract_ Over the past 70 years the major powers have abandoned international anarchy for international order. International order, underwritten by major powers, has largely solved the problems of interstate war and conquest but struggles with fragile and failing states. In 2015 more than 60 million people were displaced by fragile and failing states. This raises questions about how and why major powers supply and under-supply elements of international order. When are major powers reliable agents of international order and can they provide a bulwark against fragile and failing states? This study finds that fragile and failing states are not always the result of domestic events and politics gone wrong. Fragile and failing states need to be understood as resulting, in part, from the degree to which states have or have not been integrated into the system of international order by major powers. Successful integration into the system of international order requires state building, which is facilitated by reliable access to capital, markets, and security. Importantly, major powers are key gatekeepers of these critical state building resources. This makes the absence, presence, and quality of hierarchy relationships between major and minor states central to the study of both state building and fragile and failing states.
Keywords_ fragile states, international order, major powers, relational hierarchy, state building, state failure
 
Volume 7 Number 2 December 2016
Building More Robust NGO–University Partnerships in Development: Lessons Learned from Catholic Relief Services
Author_ David M. LEEGE & Della E. MCMILLAN
Pages 68-119
Abstract_ Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and US-based universities are under increasing pressure to collaborate on international development efforts in order to achieve greater impact and influence. To date, however, most of these project-based collaborations have made only limited strategic investment into achieving longer-term, transformational goals. This article explores an attempt by US-based NGO Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to develop a model for institutional partnerships that goes beyond project-driven collaborations, and the ways in which these collaborations are contributing to achievement of the agency’s strategic priorities. The article describes some of the important internal and external pressures that led CRS to adopt a new approach to university engagement; the processes that evolved to manage its five-year strategy; and some of the key activities that the partnerships supported. Based on this analysis, the paper extrapolates a series of six cross-cutting lessons learned that can help guide other NGOs and universities which are seeking to develop similar types of engagement, including a self-assessment checklist. The authors conclude that while these six-cross-cutting lessons learned are important, their significance will vary as the partnership grows, matures, and diversifies.
Keywords_ NGO-university partnerships for development; NGO-university operational research; NGO-university engagement; Management/functionality of NGO-university partnerships for development; Non-governmental organizations and development; Universities and developm
 
Volume 7 Number 2 December 2016
Local Institutions and Local Economic Development in Guto Gidda District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Author_ Megerssa Tolessa WALO
Pages 122-158
Abstract_ Local institutions can facilitate local economic development (LED) processes by reducing transaction costs, enhancing social capital, and creating enabling environments for business to flourish. However, factors such as the actors’ preference to accept and practice one type of institutions over the other, and the nature of the functional linkages between the different kinds of institutions influence the role they play in development processes. This study empirically investigates the contributions of institutions to local economic development processes in the Guto Gidda district of the Oromia region, Ethiopia, using an institutional analysis of a case study. A qualitative research approach using in-depth interviews with local development actors was employed to collect the data. Results show that local development actors prefer to practice indigenous institutions over government institutions because they offer more accessible services and are less reliant on ruling party affiliation. There were weak functional linkages between the two types of institutions, which had a negative development impact on the locality. The paper recommends mutual and collaborative functional linkages between the local institutions to maximize the contributions of both to LED.
Keywords_ Local institutions, Institutional relations, Local Economic development, Social capital, Oromia, Ethiopia
 
Volume 7 Number 2 December 2016
Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Ghana’s East Gonja District
Author_ Mohammed SULEMANA
Pages 159-182
Abstract_ This paper elaborates on recent developments in the Multidimensional Poverty Index Approach (MPI) to measuring rural poverty through an investigation of poverty determinants in the East Gonja District of Ghana. The study uses cross-sectional data from 310 household heads collected through individual survey questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and a probit model were used to analyze the data. The results show that 56 percent of the interviewed household heads were living below the extreme poverty line set by the Ghana Living Standard Survey 6. The probit analysis suggests that religion, land ownership, area of land cultivated, monthly household income and access to an urban market significantly influence the level of poverty in the area.
Keywords_ Poverty, Measurement, Multidimensional, Index, Households, District, Ghana
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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