IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Volume 3 Number 1 June 2012
Joint Liability Groups: Theory, Practice and Implications for Poverty
Author_ Eric Henry Yeboah and Alhaji Abdulai
Pages 97-123
Abstract_ While joint liability groups (JLGs) are fundamental to MFIs, theoretical knowledge on JLGs seems to have overtaken the empirical evidence available. The effect of JLGs on poverty is unclear. Employing a mixed method approach, this paper examines JLGs in two MFIs, NWEP and SAT, in a rural community in Ghana. This study showed that, contrary to theory, JLGs are essentially top-down strategies because of MFIs’ determination to control the JLG implementation process. Peer monitoring was irrelevant in the situation where the use of loans for non-business purposes was widespread. Regarding the effect of JLGs on poverty, consensual decision-making within groups yielded positive benefits to service users. Service users who benefitted the most from MFIs disliked JLGs suggesting that they inhibit poverty reduction. This is perhaps an indication that it is time MFIs looked for other innovative ways of providing financial services that is acceptable and fair to poor service users.
Keywords_ joint liability groups, microfinance institutions
 
Volume 2 Number 2 December 2011
Policy for Land and Gender in Kenya: Reality or Illusion?
Author_ Omondi Ahawo
Pages 1-16
Abstract_ This paper is a largely theoretical exploration of the issue of land and gender in Kenya. It argues that the gender dimension of the land question in Kenya cannot be settled by a simple top-down enactment of a land policy. Although the paper recognizes the present attempt by the recent initiatives in Kenya on land policy, as well as the land issue in the new constitution, the main finding is that Kenya is still far away from a truly engendered land policy. The historic approach adopted in the paper digs out different dimensions of the problem, and this approach is supplemented by a new explanation of the relationship between land ownership and gender inequality as core issues in a truly indigenous poverty debate. The challenge for Kenya is to realize the importance of land as the paramount policy issue. Throughout the paper, an agreement with realism is evident. Human life is not a matter of economic growth per se, but of equality and development in terms of the quality of life. The paper argues that while humankind belongs to the world, the survival of African people must be pegged on the fact that Africa belongs to Africans. In order to eradicate poverty, there is a transcendental call for all Africans to wake up and advance their own development on their own terms. Using concepts like gender, land and policy in Kenya need to be understood and applied in the African context irrespective of subsequent land policies and the new constitution of Kenya. This is the only way to a truly indigenized gender neutral land policy for Kenya.
Keywords_ gender, inequality, indignity, land policy
 
Volume 2 Number 2 December 2011
Internationalization and Poverty Alleviation: Practical Evidence from Amani Butterfly Project in Tanzania
Author_ Wineaster Anderson and Sheghembe Amiri Saidi
Pages 17-46
Abstract_ This study measures the impact of internationalization on poverty alleviation in the developing economies. The focus is on the Amani Butterfly Project in Tanzania. Particularly, the study estimates the income generated from the export of butterflies, and measures its impact on alleviating poverty in the community. Also, it identifies challenges encountered during the production and exportation of butterfly products. The study employs primary data with a sample set of 90 butterfly farmers. The findings reveal that over 250 rural households within the study area derive their livelihoods from the forest through butterfly exportation. Moreover, improvements in food security, primary health care and education have also been recorded. However, despite the positive developments, butterfly farming in Tanzania has a number of challenges before developing its full potential. Some are related to pupae production, such as access to production of pupae varieties that are in demand by butterfly buyers, while others are associated with market access, the identification of new markets, product transportation and low prices found in the current markets. The paper concludes by drawing attention to the managerial and political implications, and future research directions.
Keywords_ Amani Butterfly Project, ABP, internationalization, poverty alleviation, Tanzania
 
Volume 2 Number 2 December 2011
How Change Happens: Access to Medications in Thailand
Author_ Duncan Green
Pages 47-62
Abstract_ Many actors in the development world are paying increasing attention to the so-called ‘theories of change’. Whether in programming or advocacy, this approach seeks to analyze various power relations and possibilities surrounding any given change process, as well as the assumptions employed by this analysis. This paper applies Oxfam’s thinking on change to a particular influence-wielding exercise – the long-running campaign to improve access to medications in Thailand.
Keywords_ medications, Oxfam, power analysis, poverty, Thailand
 
Volume 2 Number 2 December 2011
Migrant Workers’ Choice of Participating in Public Health Insurance: Implications from a Practical Survey in Chengdu, China
Author_ Xiao Taixi, Li Yuhao and Yang Yi-fan1
Pages 63-80
Abstract_ The objective of this article is to understand the factors that may affect the attitudes of the migrant workers toward the issue of joining the health insurance system. Three hundred twenty-three migrant workers were sampled and surveyed; R2.12.2 was used to analyze the data by exerting the logistic method. It was found that migrant workers from different areas of the industry have different attitudes with respect to the medical insurance system, while the family factor has significantly affected these attitudes. To fulfill the policy of providing medical insurance to migrant workers, both group and individual factors need to be considered.
Keywords_ migrant workers, logistic, health insurance
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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