IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Volume 2 Number 1 June 2011
Re-approaching Universal Welfare: Reflections and Prospects of the New Rural Pension Policy in Aging China
Author_ Yang Yi-Fan and Xiao Tai-Xi
Pages 97-134
Abstract_ Along with China's in-depth development of reform, it has become difficult to effectively deal with the increasingly austere social risks in the countryside and meet the aged residents’ pressing demands of a pension guarantee. This article seeks to shed light on the development of the Chinese rural pension policy from a growing body of literature. This article argues that the rise of the new rural pension scheme is directly related to the emerging ideas of “social security for all”, which abandons the previous policy idea that farmers could still rely on their land and family supplemented by private commercial insurance. However, even though the state has become more involved with this issue, the old-age security of farmers in rural China is still standing on very thin ice and the prospect for further more active state involvement in long run remains ambiguous due to many restrictive conditions. There should be more attention to crucial groups including those households that practice family planning by having only one child or two girls, the elderly, and households with no children, and concentrate on some policy instruments like old-age allowances, micro-insurance and tax-free saving plans for the aged. All in all, the target is to make the rural social old-age security system match with the traditional family protection, collective mutual aid organizations so as to construct Chinese characteristics of multi-level old-age security system between rural and urban.
Keywords_ China; institutional innovation; rural pension policy
 
Volume 2 Number 1 June 2011
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) and the Health Sector
Author_ Lichia Yiu and Raymond Saner
Pages 135-180
Abstract_ The objective of this paper is to introduce the reader to the sector-specific application of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), namely health. In order for advocacy action to be successful, agents working for increased efficiency of the PRSP process need to know the opportunities and difficulties pertaining to this important sector of societal development. Each sector has its own specific realities and corresponding analytical and theoretical underpinnings. This article provides an overview of key actors’ approaches to the improvement of health services delivered to the poor within the context of PRSP processes.
Keywords_ PRSP, health sector, international organisations, poverty reduction
 
Volume 1 Number 1 December 2010
Development Disagreements and Water Privatization: Bridging the Divide
Author_ Ravi Kanbur
Pages 1-20
Abstract_ While trade liberalization was perhaps the archetype disagreement on development strategy in the 1980s and 1990s, in the 1990s and 2000s this role has been taken over by water privatization and the passions it arouses. What are the underlying reasons for disagreements on water among those who proclaim to be for poverty reduction? This paper tries to understand the nature of the disagreements and ascribes them to a combination of varying interpretations of the existing empirical evidence and, more importantly, differences in worldview on how to assess what constitutes good development outcomes and on how to achieve them. It is suggested that the way forward lies in a clear understanding of the basis of disagreements, from which, perhaps, a new consensus can be fashioned on water privatization. This paper is based on a talk given to the Cornell Conference on the Ethics of Globalization and Development, September 29-30, 2006.
Keywords_ water privatization, poverty reduction, trade liberalization, water wars
 
Volume 1 Number 1 December 2010
Poverty and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia
Author_ Tegegne Gebre-Egziabher
Pages 21-54
Abstract_ The pervasiveness and widespread nature of poverty in many developing countries has made countries to focus on poverty reduction as one of their pre-occupations. The different dimension of poverty in Ethiopia shows that it is one of the poorest countries in the world. The low level of income and calorie intake signifies the depth of poverty. Similarly, the low level of nutrition, low access to education and health compounds the problem. Trends in the different indicators of poverty, however, show that Ethiopia is in the trajectory of progress in terms of poverty reduction. In this regard, the formulation and implementation of poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs) have played a role towards betterment of income, health and education. Moreover the country has implemented specific poverty reduction measures that are aimed at direct and indirect attacks of poverty. The direct attacks are those which focus on food security and rural employment creation, urban employment creation and provision of low cost housing while the indirect attacks deal with economic growth and social service provision. Ethiopia needs to strengthen its pro-poor growth policy in order to succeed in reducing poverty.
Keywords_ poverty, poverty trend, poverty reduction, pro-poor growth, poverty reduction strategy papers
 
Volume 1 Number 1 December 2010
Poverty Reduction in Malaysia
Author_ Bethuel Kinyanjui Kinuthia
Pages 55-80
Abstract_ This paper examines the extent to which the pre conditions for poverty reduction as proposed by tracking development were met in Malaysia. Tracking development suggests that for poverty reduction to take place there must be adequate macroeconomic management, economic freedom for peasants and small entrepreneurs and pro poor, pro rural public spending and the three preconditions must be met simultaneously. Malaysia in the last three decades has been able to industrialize as well as reduce poverty levels significantly. Using the Malaysian experience this paper does not find a convincing evidence to support the three hypotheses. There is need to redefine the concept of turning point and the preconditions for poverty reduction as presented by tracking development and some useful thoughts are presented.
Keywords_ poverty reduction, macroeconomic management, economic freedom, pro poor spending, Malaysia
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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