IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Volume 4 Number 1 June 2013
Social Policy and Community Welfare Management for Poverty Reduction in Thai Experiences: An Implication for Asian Countries
Author_ Montri Kunphoommarl and Sirinapa Kunphoommarl
Pages 59-86
Abstract_ This paper aims to provide an overview of the causes, consequences, and social policy of the Thai government towards poverty reduction by examining rural development strategies and experiences during the past two decades. Discussion is focused on the question of universalization of social protection from the national level down to the local level. We use an institutional approach to identify the roles of state administration and community welfare management in social protection schemes for local poor and disadvantaged groups. Social protection schemes will be surveyed in terms of social assistance, social security, and social insurance. Furthermore, community welfare management at the grassroots level in Phitsanulok province has been purposively selected for this paper. The management patterns of active community welfare organizations are described, analyzed, and evaluated in terms of activities implementation, member participation, and impact evaluation to tackle poverty and inequality. Factors affecting the effectiveness of community welfare management are also discussed in detail. Finally, the suggestions are employed in terms of the significant contributions of active participation of concerned stakeholders from Thai cases to other Asian countries.
Keywords_ Poverty reduction, Community welfare, Social protection
 
Volume 4 Number 1 June 2013
How Feasible is China’s Path of “Land for Social Security”?
Author_ Zhi Wang and Yifan Yang
Pages 87-118
Abstract_ The purpose of this paper is to offer political advice and decision making for the reform and development of a social security system for land-lost peasants. At present, some research results and policy designs lack clear plans, which still simply regard the social security system as a supporting policy for land expropriation and separate the relationship between land system, land expropriation, and social security. Based on that, firstly, this paper analyzes the possibility of the system by introducing the successful practice of “Land for Social Security” in China. Secondly, it rethinks hazards and secret worries behind the system from the core views of “compensation or security” and “for social security or transfer the land”. Third, from the perspective of land rent, the article explores how to make “Land for Social Security” more feasible. Finally, based on the dual nature of land, the article puts forward relevant policy suggestions. The conclusion is that to improve the social security measures for land-lost peasants, it is to its own features based on the condition of confirming the special land property rights of both collective and individual.
Keywords_ land expropriation compensation balance urban and rural development compound social security
 
Volume 3 Number 2 December 2012
Democracy and the Human Development Sequence: A Revised Cross-Country Comparison
Author_ Jairo Acuña–Alfaro
Pages 1-46
Abstract_ This paper provides a parsimonious empirical test of the relationship between democracy and HD, using time-series cross-sectional data on 164 countries from 1972 to 2002. The paper specifies a similar partial model to those found in the global comparative literature on democracy and development in an effort to replicate earlier findings and advance the proposition that there are strong reciprocal connections between HD and democratization that form two chains which reinforce one another cumulatively over time. The statistical analysis aims to show that the causal relationship forms two chains that run in both directions. This gives rise to virtuous and vicious circles, with good or bad performance on human development and democracy reinforcing each other. Cross-country partial regressions show a significant relationship in both directions. Yet evidence over time has strong sequential implications, and where a choice is necessary, democracy should be given sequencing priority over HD and economic growth, respectively. The discussion is relevant in lieu of ongoing debates about post 2015 Millennium Development Goals in regards to governance and democratization.
Keywords_ Democracy, HD, Model Specification, Identification, Endogeneity, Development Lopsidedness, Large “N”, Policy Sequence, Elective Affinities
 
Volume 3 Number 2 December 2012
Non-Governmental Organizations and Rural Poverty Reduction in Northern Ghana: Perspectives of Beneficiaries on Strategies, Impact and Challenges
Author_ Osei-Wusu Adjei, Seth Agyemang, and Kwadwo Afriyie
Pages 47-74
Abstract_ This paper draws experiences from 198 heads of rural households benefitting from four operational NGOs to address the extent to which NGOs impact on poverty reduction in the Wa West and Tain districts of northern Ghana. It examines the NGOs poverty reduction strategies and their impact on people’s quality of life. The paper reveals that the NGOs adopt the integrated rural development strategy with both basic needs and basic means approaches. The paper identifies improved income, productivity levels of beneficiary households and improved utilization of basic social amenities as significant impact of operational NGOs in the study areas. However, low level of participation of beneficiaries in the NGOs strategies’ design is a major challenge inhibiting their effectiveness. The paper recommends that, given the necessity of local government support through the creation of an enabling environment, NGOs can effectively combat the multiple manifestations of poverty in the rural communities in northern Ghana.
Keywords_ NGOs, Poverty, Rural, Livelihoods, Ghana
 
Volume 3 Number 2 December 2012
Infrastructure for Human Development Notions, Linkages and Policy Options
Author_ Selim Jahan
Pages 75-118
Abstract_ The present paper discusses the analytical inter-linkages between infrastructure and human development through the lens of human poverty reduction and human security and presents some policy options as to how to use infrastructure for enhancing human development. In that context, the paper first examines the various notions related to infrastructure and human development, followed by an analytical discussion of their inter-linkages. In that discussion, the issue of governance of infrastructure will also be brought in. The last section of the paper presents some policy options for mutually reinforcing the linkages between infrastructure and human development.
Keywords_ poverty reduction, human development, infrastructure.
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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