IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University

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Volume 3 Number 2 December 2012
Development Diplomacy and Partnerships for Social Policy at the Time of PRSPs: The Case of Decent Work
Author_ Raymond Saner and Emanuele Sapienza
Pages 145-177
Abstract_ In 2002, the International Labour Organization (ILO) decided to start an initiative aimed at increasing the Decent Work content of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) originally developed by the World Bank and the IMF. As the ILO Governing Body concluded its consideration of work in this area (March 2008), the present paper reviews the ILO experience from a partnership-building and development diplomacy point of view. The paper argues that, while significant progress has been achieved, there is a need to take the process one step forward in order to trigger a significant reframing of the PRSP debate and a shifting of its boundaries. This step will involve a partial repositioning of the ILO’s partnership building within the PRSP process and an effort to move beyond the traditional tripartite constituency of the ILO and build more systematic alliances with other segments of the national civil society as well as global poverty reduction advocacy groups.
Keywords_ Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Decent Work, Social Policy, Development Diplomacy.
 
Volume 3 Number 1 June 2012
Stabilizing Poverty in the Context of the IMF’s Monetary Model
Author_ Sheetal K. Chand
Pages 1-32
Abstract_ The IMF monetary model focuses on the balance of payments. This paper adds a poverty stabilization objective to it. Drawing on statistical income distribution theory, key aspects of the head count poverty indicator are introduced. The resulting model reproduces traditional balance of payments policy prescriptions, while showing their implications for the incidence of poverty. A balance of payments stabilization-poverty tradeoff relationship is derived. This facilitates analysis of pre-emptive policies that can stabilize the incidence of poverty when undertaking balance of payments adjustment, thereby reducing the need for costly alleviation. The suggested approach is illustrated in the context of Mexico’s 1995 stabilization episode.
Keywords_ poverty incidence; IMF monetary model; stabilization policy
 
Volume 3 Number 1 June 2012
Environmental Sustainability and Government Procurement Reform in East Asia: Achievements and Outcomes
Author_ David S. Jones
Pages 33-58
Abstract_ An important reform of government procurement in the last two decades is the incorporation of environmental standards in the criteria for determining the products acquired and the public works undertaken by government agencies (referred to as sustainable procurement). These requirements have been in recent years included in internationally-recognized best practices of government procurement. They affect product and design specifications, the criteria for awarding contracts, and in the case of public works contracts, they also affect the assessment of contractor performance, including the management of the works site. In recent years, governments of East Asia have adopted reforms to promote sustainable procurement to varying degrees, with noticeably more progress achieved in the developed countries than in the developing and emerging countries of the region. This paper will focus on why the developing and emerging countries of the region have lagged behind the developed countries, identifying as key factors the extent of open competition in tendering, and the budgetary, organizational and human resource constraints in procurement.
Keywords_ East Asia, environmental sustainability, government procurement
 
Volume 3 Number 1 June 2012
Determinants of Dropout of Members from Thrift and Credit Groups: An Empirical Examination in India
Author_ Debadutta Kumar Panda
Pages 59-72
Abstract_ This quantitative study is conducted in the state of Orissa in India to understand the determinants of dropout of members from women self-help groups. Stratified random sampling method was employed to select 40 sample SHG members from 16 self-help groups from 6 villages. Descriptive statistics and t-significance test was used to understand the difference between active borrowers and dropout members across a set of selected variables. The logit regression model was used to analyze the possible predictors of dropout of members from self-help groups. The hypothesis testing was done through the logit regression. From the analysis, the possible determinants of members’ dropout from their respective self-help groups were observed to be loan size, group size, group meeting, group savings, total loans received, number of loans received, literacy position of the members and interest rates on the loans.
Keywords_ development, India, microfinance
 
Volume 3 Number 1 June 2012
Policy Issues and Enlightenments on Transfer Effectiveness of Cash Transfer Program in the South
Author_ Yifan Yang and Ziyi Wang
Pages 73-96
Abstract_ The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of the findings from evaluations of cash transfer programs for social protection. Based on the literature review, these types of interventions have become increasingly popular among recipient governments, especially so-called conditional cash transfer programs and unconditional cash transfer programs. The paper then analyzes the social cash transfer schemes in practice, summarizing basic issues like universal or targeted, and conditional or unconditional. The conclusion is that the imposition of conditional plans needs to be carefully measured, universal plans should be based on the classification of the whole population, and the coordination of the cash transfer program and the overall framework of social security should be paid more attention to.
Keywords_ cash transfer program, social pension, conditional social assistance
 
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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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