IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University
Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development

Aims and Scope

Asian Development Perspectives (ADP) is dedicated to the timely publication of original articles related to poverty alleviation and/or international development, broadly conceptualized, in any location globally. Papers of all methodological and disciplinary approaches are welcome, and we particularly encourage submissions examining Asia’s role in these issues.

About ADP

Formerly known as The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), ADP is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research-intensive universities. ADP is free and an open-access journal. South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce ADP to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is accessible to a diverse international audience.

ISSN 2635-4659(Print),  E-ISSN 2636-4683(Online)

Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)

IPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)

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Crypto-governance Blockchain Governance for Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17

Author_ Reshma Kamath

Pages 111-128

Abstract_ Cryptogovernance, governance on the blockchain, has real, long-lasting potential to impact the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17. The idea of Cryptogovernance embeds consensus protocols, rights-based mechanisms and a convergence ecosystem. Through institutional reform via proof of attestation and proof of corruption, blockchain protocols are transforming interactions between people and systems. Several blockchain projects, though nascent and evolving, have instituted such reform (voting, asset tracking, tokenization, ecosystem building), yet development and public sector is lagging behind. This paper helps connect the dots between technology and governance, via a cryptogovernance framework.

Key words_ Blockchain, Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17, Cryptogovernance, Proof, Rights, Tokens

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South Auckland Sikhs and Punjab Issues: Justice, Identity Work and Development

Author_ Teena Brown Pulu, Harminder Singh, Gurmeet Singh Sarkaria

Pages 129-141

Abstract_ In South Auckland, New Zealand, we surveyed under three hundred Sikhs on how they used their internet-connected mobile phones to gather and share news on the 2019 Punjab elections. Survey participants identified “Punjab issues” as the main topic they communicated messages about on social media. Our paper explores the notion of “Punjab issues” in the context of Sikh social identity and habitus, or the circumstances and conditions of dayto- day existence for this migrant group. We examine how this habitus is underpinned by an interest in justice, which is based in deep historical memory and has persisted over time, as seen in the experiences of events such as the Partition of India in 1947 and the attack on the Golden Temple in 1984, and across space, as more Sikhs migrate from P...Read more >

Key words_ South Auckland, Punjab, Punjab Elections 2019, Sikh, Habitus, Migrants, Justice, Development

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Branch Expansion and Institutional Sustainability of MFIs in Bangladesh

Author_ Farhana Nargis, Mustafa K. Mujer, Farah Muneer

Pages 142-158

Abstract_ Sustainability of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in relation to branch expansion and related decisions has been widely debated in the microfinance sector. The present study explores the factors that are taken into consideration by the MFIs in Bangladesh while opening a new branch. Specifically, the study examines the locational considerations relating to branch expansion and implications relating to service delivery and other MFI operations. The analysis covers both head office and branch level information collected using stratified random sampling approach ensuring proportional representation of small, medium and large MFIs. The study finds locational characteristics and number of potential borrowers as the most important factors while deciding on opening a new branch.The decisi...Read more >

Key words_ Branch expansion, MFIs, Sustainability, Location

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Impact of Irrigation on Household Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in the Koga Irrigation Development Project, Northern Ethiopia

Author_ Koyachew Enkuahone Kassie, Bamlak Alamirew Alemu, Aseffa Seyoum Wedajoo

Pages 159-187

Abstract_ Agriculture remains the mainstay of the Ethiopian economy. However, the sector is affected by climate change induced extreme weather events that aggravates rural poverty. As a result, the Ethiopian government has been making different interventions to alleviate poverty. Koga irrigation development project (KIDP) is one of such initiatives. However, due to political unrest, poor water management practice, limited market linkages and other institutional challenges, the project has not reached its desired goals. This paper is thus intended to evaluate the efficacy of the KIDP to reduce poverty. Data were collected from 395 sample farm households (220 irrigators and 175 non-irrigators) drawn using multi-stage sampling technique. Multidimensional poverty index and endogenous switching r...Read more >

Key words_ Irrigation, Household, Multidimensional poverty index, Switching regression

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Poverty, Income Inequality and Determinants of Income of the Ethnic Communities of Bangladesh

Author_ Pangkoj Nokrek, Basanta Kumar Barmon, Sanzidur Rahman

Pages 188-201

Abstract_ The study examines the levels of poverty, income inequality and determinants of income of five major ethnic communities (i.e., Chakma, Garo, Khasi, Marma and Tripura) of Bangladesh using a survey data of 250 households. Results revealed that agriculture constitutes 72.6% of the total income followed by salaried employment at 13.4% and off-farm income at 6.1%. The amount of cultivated land, the share of land rented-in and the number of working family members significantly increase agricultural income whereas education, the number of working family members and experience significantly increase non-agricultural income. Income is significantly higher for the Garo and Khasi communities and lower for the Tripura community. Income inequality varies across communities with high level of in...Read more >

Key words_ Ethnic communities, Income inequality, Poverty, Determinants of income, Multivariate regression model, Bangladesh

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Gender Equality and Sustainable Development

Author_ Paloma Duran y Lalaguna and Ekaterina Dorodnykh

Pages 1-11

Abstract_ Gender-related constraints have high costs to society in terms of untapped potential in achieving poverty eradication, health, education, food security, environmental and energy sustainability, and economic growth. There is strong evidence that closing gender gap accelerates progress towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. While there has been some progress towards better gender equality, there is much more to be done in abolishing gender discrimination. This paper showcases various approaches and interventions to promote gender equality, implemented by the UN development mechanism, SDG Fund and its precursor the MDG Fund. The case studies represent various geographical regions (Bangladesh, the occupied Palestinian territory, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Bolivia and Nicaragua) and ...Read more >

Key words_ Gender, Sustainable Development, Joint Programs, United Nations

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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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