IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University
Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development

Aims and Scope

The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research intensive universities. JPAID is a free, open-access journal dedicated to the timely publication of original, multidisciplinary research related to poverty alleviation and/or development. We particularly encourage submissions examining aspects of Asia's role in these issues.

South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. South Korea is now an important contributor to international development debates and practices, both as a potential model for successful development, and as an OECD-DAC donor, major trading nation and foreign investor. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce JPAID in order to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is grounded in Korea, yet with a global perspective, and accessible to a diverse international audience.

ISSN: 2233-6192             Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)

JPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)

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Decolonizing the Postcolonial University? Possibilities and Exigencies with Evidence from Uganda

Author_ James H. MITTELMAN

Pages 1-48

Abstract_ Decades ago, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o famously raised the question of decolonizing the mind. Scores of postcolonial intellectuals followed with interventions on unmaking the ways that colonial education had bleached people’s stories embodying cultural inheritance and had caused epistemological violence. But the early postcolonial critics left open the issue of how to decolonize a principal site at which successor generations are taught and learn about civilizational values. What does it mean to decolonize the university in Africa? While many academics shared Ngũgĩ’s hopes for indigenizing learning and called for autonomous discourses, translating them into practice proved to be a daunting task. Given powerful global forces and local interests, it becomes a matte...Read more >

Key words_ Higher education, Decolonization, Development, Global South, Globalization, Postcolonial theory

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The Poverty–Environment Nexus and the Wealth Paradox: Community Forest Collective Action and Child Labor in Bolivia

Author_ Randall BLUFFSTONE

Pages 49-92

Abstract_ This paper examines the relationship between child labor and forest collective action in community forest settings in the Bolivian Andes. A key part of the poverty–environment nexus literature contends that lack of collective action leads to open access, poor natural resource management and use of more labor to get needed direct use forest values like fuelwood, fodder and grazing. These forest products are known to be critical for rural livelihoods in low-income countries like Bolivia, and child labor is often used to collect them. Though effective collective action curbs open access, it also in the long run increases forest quality, reducing household forest product collection costs. It is therefore not completely clear that open access increases and collective action reduces ...Read more >

Key words_ Forests, Collective Action, Bolivia, Child Labor

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Patterns and Determinants of Household Income Diversification in Rural Senegal and Kenya

Author_ Sarah ALOBO LOISON & Céline BIGNEBAT

Pages 93-126

Abstract_ Income diversification is considered one of the important household strategies for securing rural livelihoods. We investigate its patterns and determinants using data on 1,747 farm households collected in 2007-2008 from six regions in rural Senegal and Kenya. The empirical investigation shows that the regional variation in income diversification does not follow any clear patterns, with push and pull determinants acting concurrently within and between regions. Therefore, policies on income diversification need to be tailored to meet the development needs of specific regions. More generally, income diversification is significantly associated with household asset endowments, demographic factors, accessibility to rural towns, migration opportunities, and perceptions on food securit...Read more >

Key words_ Rural livelihoods, Income diversification, Push and pull determinants, Senegal, Kenya

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The EU as an Influencing Force of East African Community Integration? An Analysis of Local Stakeholders’ Perceptions and the Study of Consent

Author_ Nathan VANDEPUTTE & Fabienne BOSSUYT

Pages 127-166

Abstract_ There is consensus in the literature that the European Union (EU) influences the integration processes in Africa, including the East African Community (EAC), through the promotion of its norms and own understanding of integration. With regard to the EAC, the EU promotes a liberal narrative of progressive trade opening and economic liberalization, with a focus on making trade work through infrastructure development (mainly road building) and functional institutions. However, existing research is predominantly EU-centered, and therefore does not take into account the perceptions of the various local stakeholders or it limits itself to the study of the elite, thereby ignoring the internal state–society complexes of regional integration. This article seeks to advance the existi...Read more >

Key words_ East African Community, Integration, Local stakeholders, Consent, Economic Partnership Agreement

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Poverty Profiles and Coping Strategies of the Haor (Ox-bow lake) Households in Bangladesh

Author_ Mohammad Mizanul Haque KAZAL, Sanzidur RAHMAN & Mohammad Zakir HOSSAIN

Pages 167-191

Abstract_ The study examines the depth and severity of poverty and coping strategies of 4065 households from 30 haor (ox-bow lake) areas from six north-eastern districts of Bangladesh. Results revealed that 29.6% and 43.0% of the surveyed households were below the lower and upper poverty lines based on a Cost of Basic Needs (CBN) method. The depth of poverty was estimated at 7.6% and 12.4% and the severity of poverty at 3.0% and 5.2%, respectively based on lower and upper poverty line estimates, which were substantially higher than the national average for rural areas of Bangladesh. Poverty is relatively higher for the households characterized by landlessness, large family size, lacking durable assets, poor housing and sanitation, NGO membership, wage labor and illiterate heads. Loans from m...Read more >

Key words_ Haor ox-bow lake areas; poverty; severity of poverty, coping strategies; Bangladesh

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Assessing Wellbeing and Deprivation in Later Life in Brazil and South Africa

Author_ Armando BARRIENTOS & Cassilda LASSO DE LA VEGA

Pages 1-36

Abstract_ The paper develops and applies a multidimensional counting approach to rank order wellbeing and deprivation distributions among a panel of older people in Brazil and South Africa. Using data collected in 2002 and 2008 among low-income households in urban and rural locations in Brazil and South Africa, the analysis in the paper throws light upon (i) changes in multidimensional deprivation associated with individual ageing and (ii) the effects of differential access to pension provision on wellbeing and deprivation. The paper finds that individual ageing is not necessarily associated with a decline in multidimensional wellbeing. The findings also lend support to the view that social policy, and especially inclusive pension provision, has an important role in addressing the effect...Read more >

Key words_ Multidimensional deprivation, Pensions, South Africa, Brazil

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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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