IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University
Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development

Aims and Scope

The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research intensive universities. JPAID is a free, open-access journal dedicated to the timely publication of original, multidisciplinary research related to poverty alleviation and/or development. We particularly encourage submissions examining aspects of Asia's role in these issues.

South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. South Korea is now an important contributor to international development debates and practices, both as a potential model for successful development, and as an OECD-DAC donor, major trading nation and foreign investor. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce JPAID in order to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is grounded in Korea, yet with a global perspective, and accessible to a diverse international audience.

ISSN: 2233-6192             Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)

JPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)

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Does the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative Realize its Goal of Poverty Alleviation?

Author_ Clair APODACA & Pamela BLACKMON

Pages 1-38

Abstract_ The development of the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) with the addition of country developed Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) in 1999, represents a fundamental shift in International Monetary Fund and World Bank programs. The HIPC initiative was designed to re-direct resources (through bilateral and multilateral debt forgiveness) that had previously gone to servicing a country’s debt towards countryspecific poverty reduction programs aimed at social services such as health care and education. This article investigates whether HIPC countries have seen results in poverty alleviation. We provide statistical support for the conclusion that successful completion of the HIPC process has benefits for poverty eradication. The HIPC initiative is pos...Read more >

Key words_ HIPC initiative, Debt relief, Poverty alleviation, Infant mortality, World Bank, IMF

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The World Bank Inspection Panel in Ghana: Civil Society Protest and the Glocalization of Accountability

Author_ Aram ZIAI

Pages 39-66

Abstract_ Twenty years ago, the Inspection Panel was founded as a mechanism of accountability for people negatively affected by projects funded by the World Bank. It allows them to call for an investigation if social and environmental standards of the World Bank have not been adhered to. Its origin can be traced back to pressure exerted by a transnational NGO campaign on the US congress in the wake of the Narmada Valley Development Project. While the Panel’s history since then shows that it usually does not have the power to entirely stop a project, the case of the Kwabenya landfill in Accra (Ghana) proves that it can act as an important instrument for—potentially successful—civil society struggles which aim at democratizing the current architecture of governance.

Key words_ World Bank, Global governance, Accountability, Inspection Panel, Ghana

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Social Policy Beyond Neoliberalism: From Conditional Cash Transfers to Pro-Poor Growth

Author_ Alfredo SAAD-FILHO

Pages 67-94

Abstract_ This article offers a political economy critique of the fastest-growing modality of social policy in the world: conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs). CCTs allocate small conditional tax-funded sums to the “deserving destitute” as part of a strategy of moderation of inequality, poverty management and containment of dissent. This article argues that, while this modality of social policy can improve the circumstances of the poorest in the short-term, it also subsidizes low wages and supports the reproduction of poverty. CCTs are, then, the social policies naturally associated (“best fit”) with neoliberalism. A pro-poor alternative is outlined that can lead to faster improvements in living conditions, expand citizenship and break the reproduction of poverty and inequality u...Read more >

Key words_ Neoliberalism, Poverty, Inequality, Social policy, Conditional Cash Transfers

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Income Distribution and the Business Cycle in Germany: A Semiparametric Approach

Author_ Andos JUHÁSZ

Pages 95-136

Abstract_ The question of how the distribution of income is influenced by the state of the economy is important for understanding the economic mechanisms linking micro- and macro-level variables. There is no generally applicable theory on how the distribution of household incomes is influenced by changed macroeconomic conditions. This paper adapts an empirical approach in order to investigate this relationship by employing a semi-parametric double-index model without restrictions on the shape of the link function between indices of household- and macro-level variables. We conclude that the link function is non-trivial and non-additive, meaning that the influence of macroeconomic conditions (i.e. GDP, inflation, government expenditure or unemployment) is likely to vary with household char...Read more >

Key words_ Income Distribution, Business Cycle, Double Index Model, Semiparametric Estimation

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Education—a Key to Life? Caregivers’ Narratives of Primary School Education in Iringa Region, Tanzania

Author_ Karin LINDSJÖ

Pages 137-162

Abstract_ Findings from developed countries demonstrate a positive relationship between children’s educational outcomes and parental perceptions of the value of education. However, little is known about parental attitudes toward education in the context of the least developed countries. A better understanding of this could assist global efforts to increase educational attainment in the world’s poorest countries. This study investigates the parental perceptions of primary school education in the Iringa region of Tanzania and whether these perceptions vary depending on socio-economic status and urban/rural residence. It finds that though schools face severe problems, parents of all backgrounds have a generally positive perception of education as a necessity for employment, independence a...Read more >

Key words_ Universal primary education, Caregivers’ perception, Poverty, Rural-urban disparities

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Held Back: Explaining the Sluggish Pace of Improvement to Basic Education in Developing Democracies–The Cases of India and Brazil

Author_ Lindsey CARSON, Joanna V. NORONHA & Michael J. TREBILCOCK

Pages 1-46

Abstract_ Despite the widely accepted relationship between quality primary education and sustainable, equitable development, two of the world’s fastest-growing democracies—India and Brazil— continue to trail their regional and economic peers in basic learning outcomes. Using a supply and demand framework, this article identifies six institutional factors that we hypothesize may have been determinative in shaping education outcomes in both countries: actual popular demand, availability of information about public education quality, impact of private school alternatives, financial allocations, incentive structures for educational personnel, and the influence of political institutions on the responsiveness of public leaders. Our analysis reveals the interrelationships among the...Read more >

Key words_ Basic education, India, Brazil, Decentralization and service delivery, Accountability

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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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