Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University
Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development

Aims and Scope

The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research intensive universities. JPAID is a free, open-access journal dedicated to the timely publication of original, multidisciplinary research related to poverty alleviation and/or development. We particularly encourage submissions examining aspects of Asia's role in these issues.

South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. South Korea is now an important contributor to international development debates and practices, both as a potential model for successful development, and as an OECD-DAC donor, major trading nation and foreign investor. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce JPAID in order to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is grounded in Korea, yet with a global perspective, and accessible to a diverse international audience.

ISSN: 2233-6192             Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)

JPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)

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Assessing Wellbeing and Deprivation in Later Life in Brazil and South Africa

Author_ Armando BARRIENTOS & Cassilda LASSO DE LA VEGA

Pages 1-36

Abstract_ The paper develops and applies a multidimensional counting approach to rank order wellbeing and deprivation distributions among a panel of older people in Brazil and South Africa. Using data collected in 2002 and 2008 among low-income households in urban and rural locations in Brazil and South Africa, the analysis in the paper throws light upon (i) changes in multidimensional deprivation associated with individual ageing and (ii) the effects of differential access to pension provision on wellbeing and deprivation. The paper finds that individual ageing is not necessarily associated with a decline in multidimensional wellbeing. The findings also lend support to the view that social policy, and especially inclusive pension provision, has an important role in addressing the effect...Read more >

Key words_ Multidimensional deprivation, Pensions, South Africa, Brazil



An Assessment of International Order: Liberal Major Powers and Fragile and Failing States


Pages 37-67

Abstract_ Over the past 70 years the major powers have abandoned international anarchy for international order. International order, underwritten by major powers, has largely solved the problems of interstate war and conquest but struggles with fragile and failing states. In 2015 more than 60 million people were displaced by fragile and failing states. This raises questions about how and why major powers supply and under-supply elements of international order. When are major powers reliable agents of international order and can they provide a bulwark against fragile and failing states? This study finds that fragile and failing states are not always the result of domestic events and politics gone wrong. Fragile and failing states need to be understood as resulting, in part, from the degre...Read more >

Key words_ fragile states, international order, major powers, relational hierarchy, state building, state failure



Building More Robust NGO–University Partnerships in Development: Lessons Learned from Catholic Relief Services

Author_ David M. LEEGE & Della E. MCMILLAN

Pages 68-119

Abstract_ Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and US-based universities are under increasing pressure to collaborate on international development efforts in order to achieve greater impact and influence. To date, however, most of these project-based collaborations have made only limited strategic investment into achieving longer-term, transformational goals. This article explores an attempt by US-based NGO Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to develop a model for institutional partnerships that goes beyond project-driven collaborations, and the ways in which these collaborations are contributing to achievement of the agency’s strategic priorities. The article describes some of the important internal and external pressures that led CRS to adopt a new approach to university engagement; the ...Read more >

Key words_ NGO-university partnerships for development; NGO-university operational research; NGO-university engagement; Management/functionality of NGO-university partnerships for development; Non-governmental organizations and development; Universities and developm



Local Institutions and Local Economic Development in Guto Gidda District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Author_ Megerssa Tolessa WALO

Pages 122-158

Abstract_ Local institutions can facilitate local economic development (LED) processes by reducing transaction costs, enhancing social capital, and creating enabling environments for business to flourish. However, factors such as the actors’ preference to accept and practice one type of institutions over the other, and the nature of the functional linkages between the different kinds of institutions influence the role they play in development processes. This study empirically investigates the contributions of institutions to local economic development processes in the Guto Gidda district of the Oromia region, Ethiopia, using an institutional analysis of a case study. A qualitative research approach using in-depth interviews with local development actors was employed to collect the data....Read more >

Key words_ Local institutions, Institutional relations, Local Economic development, Social capital, Oromia, Ethiopia



Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Ghana’s East Gonja District

Author_ Mohammed SULEMANA

Pages 159-182

Abstract_ This paper elaborates on recent developments in the Multidimensional Poverty Index Approach (MPI) to measuring rural poverty through an investigation of poverty determinants in the East Gonja District of Ghana. The study uses cross-sectional data from 310 household heads collected through individual survey questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and a probit model were used to analyze the data. The results show that 56 percent of the interviewed household heads were living below the extreme poverty line set by the Ghana Living Standard Survey 6. The probit analysis suggests that religion, land ownership, area of land cultivated, monthly household income and access to an urban market significantly influence the level of poverty in the area.

Key words_ Poverty, Measurement, Multidimensional, Index, Households, District, Ghana



Does the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative Realize its Goal of Poverty Alleviation?

Author_ Clair APODACA & Pamela BLACKMON

Pages 1-38

Abstract_ The development of the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) with the addition of country developed Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) in 1999, represents a fundamental shift in International Monetary Fund and World Bank programs. The HIPC initiative was designed to re-direct resources (through bilateral and multilateral debt forgiveness) that had previously gone to servicing a country’s debt towards countryspecific poverty reduction programs aimed at social services such as health care and education. This article investigates whether HIPC countries have seen results in poverty alleviation. We provide statistical support for the conclusion that successful completion of the HIPC process has benefits for poverty eradication. The HIPC initiative is pos...Read more >

Key words_ HIPC initiative, Debt relief, Poverty alleviation, Infant mortality, World Bank, IMF


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Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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