IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and
International Development

Yonsei University
Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development

Aims and Scope

Asian Development Perspectives (ADP) is dedicated to the timely publication of original articles related to poverty alleviation and/or international development, broadly conceptualized, in any location globally. Papers of all methodological and disciplinary approaches are welcome, and we particularly encourage submissions examining Asia’s role in these issues.

About ADP

Formerly known as The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), ADP is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research-intensive universities. ADP is free and an open-access journal. South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce ADP to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is accessible to a diverse international audience.

ISSN 2635-4659(Print),  E-ISSN 2636-4683(Online)

Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)

IPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)

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Gender Equality and Sustainable Development

Author_ Paloma Duran y Lalaguna and Ekaterina Dorodnykh

Pages 1-11

Abstract_ Gender-related constraints have high costs to society in terms of untapped potential in achieving poverty eradication, health, education, food security, environmental and energy sustainability, and economic growth. There is strong evidence that closing gender gap accelerates progress towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. While there has been some progress towards better gender equality, there is much more to be done in abolishing gender discrimination. This paper showcases various approaches and interventions to promote gender equality, implemented by the UN development mechanism, SDG Fund and its precursor the MDG Fund. The case studies represent various geographical regions (Bangladesh, the occupied Palestinian territory, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Bolivia and Nicaragua) and ...Read more >

Key words_ Gender, Sustainable Development, Joint Programs, United Nations

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An Analysis of Sexual Violence - The Relationship between Sex Crimes and Prostitution in South Korea

Author_ Seo-Young Cho

Pages 12-34

Abstract_ By analyzing the survey data of sex offenders in South Korea, this paper aims to explain how prostitution can be linked to sex crimes. The empirical findings show that buying sex is positively associated with committing a sex crime and the experience of paying for sex with a minor exacerbates the severity of sex crimes. These results indicate that one type of risky sexual behaviors – buying sex – can be aggravated to a more serious type of sexual violence, such as rape. However, these findings are drawn in South Korea where prostitution is prohibited, and the same conclusion may not be replicated in places where the risks of buying sex are minimized through the legalization of prostitution. Nonetheless, the complementary relationship between prostitution and sex crimes found in...Read more >

Key words_ Sexual violence, Sex crimes, Prostitution, South Korea

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Women Empowerment and Microfinance: A Case from North-Western Bangladesh

Author_ Nahid Akhter

Pages 35-50

Abstract_ In a country like Bangladesh, poverty alleviation is one of the prime concerns of any development plan, where equality and considerable equity needs to be ensured. Women make up nearly half of the population of the country, but they, especially from the poverty-stricken groups, are more vulnerable in terms of denial of fundamental human rights. Microfinance, as a development program, primarily targets the poorer female clients. From a development perspective, it could be anticipated that provision of financial resources and effective utilization of those resources along with group-based activities can strengthen women’s economic roles. In due course, it is also anticipated that it may empower women and reduce inequality. This paper attempts to assess the effectiveness of one special micro...Read more >

Key words_ Women Empowerment, Gender Equality, Microfinance, Poverty, Rasch Test, Bangladesh

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Sanitation as Business: Diversifying Income and Livelihoods for Women in Fishing Villages in Uganda

Author_ Frederick Kakembo

Pages 51-67

Abstract_ The paper examines prospects for diversifying income and improving livelihoods for women in fishing villages. It is noted that when social, economic and cultural factors constrain women engagement in the fisheries industry, their livelihood and welfare are affected. Consequently, women are confined to the lower end of supply chains in the fisheries sector. The rapid dwindling of fisheries stocks and the sophisticated export-based fish trade have aggravated the matter. Due to lack of access to economic activities to support them, women resort to selling liquor and commercial sex for survival. In the process, they are exposed to the risk of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. This study investigates prospects of diversifying their income generating activities; based on the conc...Read more >

Key words_ Diversify, Energy, Enterprise, Fisheries, Waste, Women

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Gender Equality, Growth and Human Development in India

Author_ Madhusudan Ghosh

Pages 68-87

Abstract_ This article evaluates gender inequalities in education and employment and examines their impacts on economic growth and human development in 15 major states of India. Although the overall gender gap has declined marginally due to reduced gender gaps in political empowerment and educational attainment, it has remained high due to huge gender gaps in other categories. India has attained gender parity in primary and upper primary education and has been moving towards gender equality in literacy. Gender equality in life expectancy has improved modestly at the cost of increasing gender disparity in infant mortality. Despite the increasing literacy rate and educational levels among women, the female labor force participation rate has been declining with increasing gender gaps in wage and income...Read more >

Key words_ Gender Inequality, Education, Employment, Economic Growth, Human Development, India

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Blockchain for Women Next Generation for Sustainable Development Goal 5

Author_ Reshma Kamath

Pages 88-109

Abstract_ Blockchain For Women highlights the potential of Blockchain, a nascent technology, in revamping the role of Women, Children and Gender minorities through Identity, Ownership, and Access. It discusses the gender digital divide impacting SDG 5 and how Blockchain is overcoming this problem to meet the Goals. While applying Blockchain as a technology and its beneficial attributes applicable to SDG 5, the paper engages with how Blockchain is being piloted and tested by the United Nations, civil society, corporations and startups alike in various sectors impacting women. The paper bridges the gap between the theoretical potential of Blockchain to showing actualized, on-the-ground applications of Blockchain technology in meeting SDG 5 Goals.

Key words_ Blockchain, SDG 5, United Nations, Gender Equality, Access, Time-Stamped, Immutable, Women, Trafficking, Children

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IPAID

Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University

1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Phone: +82-33-760-2534, 760-2577, 760-2554, 760-2527  |  Fax: +82-33-760-2572  |  E-mail: ipaid@yonsei.ac.kr

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